The White Chamber
The exterior of this monumental building is well known from the description given by Academician P.S. Pallas in 1768. The monument ruined in the 60s of the 19th century, but there preserved the numerous images of the structure made in the second half of the 18th and the first half of the 19th centuries. The best drawings are considered to be such done by F. Erdman in the 20 s of the 19th century, the drawings by P.P. Svinyin dating back to 1823, the plan and the drawings done by A. Schmidt in 1827 and the drawings by N.N. and N.G. Chernetsovs of 1838, and the paintings by A.K. Savrasov and I.I. Shishkin that were made somewhat later. The cross-shaped and richly decorated building consisted of the central cupola hall, the cloakroom, several small washing rooms, and the heating chamber. The baths in the East, including Bolgar, had not only the sanitary role, but were also a place to have rest, hold business talks, conclude trade agreements. The latest archaeological studies of the building were done in the 80s of the 20th century. The scientists have opened up the heating furnaces, the hot air ducts, the cold and hot water-supply systems and the used water removal system that met the standards of the civilised East. Water for the baths was taken from the three wells located nearby that were 10 - 12 metres deep. The researchers revealed the remains of the excavations and repair work done in 1877. Found in the White Chamber at the same time were the stone fountains and water basins that are currently represented at the museum. In the 1990s, the conservation of the monument was performed. In 2012, the conservation masonwork of the walls was dismantled and recreated; the corner blocks of the under-cupola space were installed; the entire complex was treated with water-repellent and hydrophobic compounds; the foundation was made water-proof.
Last updated: Apr, 03, 2013, 19:55